The United States welcomes the announcement by the National Independent Electoral Commission (CENI) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) that long overdue elections will take place. With the announcement of the December 2018 date, the DRC has taken a significant step toward realizing its first peaceful, democratic transfer of power. It is now incumbent on the CENI, the government, opposition party leaders, civil society organizations, and the people of the DRC to work together to ensure that the electoral deadlines published by the CENI are respected, and that all actions and statements remain within the framework of the DRC constitution and the December 2016 St. Sylvestre Agreement.
The United States notes the importance of President Kabila abiding by the DRC’s constitution, reaffirmed in the St. Sylvestre accord, that he will not seek a third term and will step down following elections.
The United States is committed to working with the people and institutions of the DRC, the African Union, regional and international partners, and the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) to ensure that the estimated 45 million Congolese voters are able to cast their ballots on time and as scheduled in December 2018.
Christian Democracy Party
The Christian Democracy (Démocratie chrétienne, DC) party is a Congolese opposition party (CORI Apr. 2013; AFP 24 July 2013; Afrikarabia 20 Jan. 2013). The party was created in 1993 after the Sovereign National Conference (Journalist 4 Dec. 2013). This conference, which took place from 1991 to 1992 (ibid.; PHW 2013, 3013), led to a new constitution establishing a multi-party system (ibid.). Sources provide the following information on the positions of president, secretary general and spokesperson of the DC:
Eugène Diomi Ndongala is the President (Human Rights Watch 29 Aug. 2013; RFI 17 Sept. 2013);
Marc Mawete is the spokesperson (Afrikarabia 20 Jan. 2013; La Tempête des tropiques 30 Oct. 2013).
The DC party nominated Eugène Diomi Ndongala as a candidate in the 2006 presidential elections (PHW 2013, 323).
According to correspondence signed by Eugène Diomi Ndongala and posted on the DC’s Internet site, the party objectives are to:
Contribute to implementing a real and effective state of law;
Assist with the socio-economic, cultural and human development of the Congolese people;
Launch a genuine process of democratization in the DRC, by normalizing political activity and preserving civil and political rights;
Foster sincere and effective national reconciliation for lasting peace in the DRC (DC N.d.).
The journalist from Afrikarabia added that the geographical headquarters of the DC party is in Kinshasa but that, because its leader Eugène Diomi Ndongala is originally from Bas-Congo, the party [translation] « is deeply-rooted in this region » (3 Dec. 2013). International Crisis Group also states that Eugène Diomi Ndongala is a political figure from the Bas-Congo region (5 May 2011). Further information on the geographical headquarters of the DC could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this the journalist from Afrikarabia stated that, during a 2012 interview with the DC Secretary General, he was told that the DC has 110,000 members (5 Dec. 2013). Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints.
According to the Political Handbook of the World 2013 (PHW), the results of the presidential elections of November 2011, won by Joseph Kabila, were rejected by the opposition parties (PHW 2013, 319). Eugène Diomi Ndongala, under the DC banner, won a seat as national deputy in Kingshasa II Funa during the 2011 legislative elections (RDC 1 Feb. 2012). Mr. Diomi Ndongala rejected the results of the presidential elections (Jeune Afrique 10 Apr. 2013; IPU 24 Oct. 2012). He supported the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (Union pour la démocratie et le progrès social, UDPS) in its strategy to boycott presidential and legislative election institutions, by not taking his seat in the Assembly (Jeune Afrique 12 Mar. 2012). Human Rights Watch also indicates that Ndongala boycotted parliamentary business (29 Aug. 2013). The UDPS, to which the DC is very close, is run by Étienne Tshisekedi (RFI 17 Sept. 2013; Journalist 3 Dec. 2013). Mr. Tshisekedi is an important Congolese political opponent (ibid.; AFP 24 July 2013). Mr. Diomi Ndongola is considered to be close to Tshisekedi (RFI 29 Oct. 2013). Mr. Diomi Ndongala is also one of the founders of a pro-Tshisekedi political alliance called the Popular Presidential Majority (Majorité présidentielle populaire, MPP) (Human Rights Watch 29 Aug. 2013). For further information on Étienne Tshisekedi and the UDPS, consult the Response to Information Requests COD104019 and COD104020.
2. Treatment of the DC Party Members by the Authorities
The journalist from Afrikarabia stated that, after the 2011 elections, the DC party and its leader were [translation] « very repressed » (4 Dec. 2013). The journalist also stated that this party was [translation] « on the front line of the political repression of the Kabila regime » and that Mr. Diomi Ndongala and certain party officials were arrested and kidnapped (3 Dec. 2013). The journalist from Afrikarabia also stated [translation] « that it is clear that this political party has suffered particularly tough police control since the disputed presidential election in November 2011 » (3 Dec. 2013). Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.
However, during a telephone interview with the Research Directorate, a journalist specializing in the issues concerning the Great Lakes region and who works for the Dutch-speaking Belgian public information channel VRT (Verlinden n.d.), stated that not [translation] « just any member » of the DC is at risk of being « arrested » (ibid. 4 Dec. 2013). According to the DC party blog, a party official was arrested in February 2012 and was accused of [translation] « libel against the head of state » (DC 4 Feb. 2012).
In correspondence sent to the Research Directorate, the former Director of the EuroAfricaCentral Network, now an independent consultant, states that members of the DC are not subject to [translation] « ‘specific’ persecution » and that « the problem of persecution depends on the situation » (Independent consultant 7 Dec. 2013). The independent consultant also explained that, when the authorities have [translation] « ‘their eye on' » a political party or its leader, its members can be « quickly persecuted » (ibid.).
According to an Afrikarabia article that cites a DC press release, two party members who were preparing a party protest scheduled for the next day were arrested during the night of 17 to 18 January 2013 at their respective homes by armed men (Afrikarabia 20 Jan. 2013). One of the kidnapped men was in charge of communications at the DC and the other was in charge of youth assistance with the DC and the MPP (ibid.). In the same article, the author notes that the DC states that party members are subject to [translation] « ‘arbitrary arrests by security services' » and that several militants « ‘had been arrested and taken to Camp Lunfungala' » and then « ‘confined for one week' » (ibid.). The journalist referred to the three DC members who had been kidnapped in October 2012, near the party headquarters, in the commune of Gombe, in Kinshasa (ibid.). The kidnapped members remained [translation] « ‘incommunicado for 30 days, in the cells of the National Intelligence Agency [Agence nationale de renseignement, ANR]' » (ibid.). Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.
Jeune Afrique points out that, during a press conference on 11 April 2013, the authorities in Kinshasa announced that 13 people were suspected of [translation] « conspiring against the life » of the President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Joseph Kabila, and the Prime Minister, Matata Ponyo (Jeune Afrique 12 Apr. 2013). One of the people suspected is a press attaché from the opposition [translation] « who worked with Eugène Diomi Ndongala » (ibid.). Human Rights Watch, which also mentions the press conference on 11 April 2013, points out that Mr. Diomi Ndongala was then accused by government officials of a conspiracy to murder the President and the Prime Minister, but that he was never officially charged with that offence (29 Aug. 2013).
The journalist from Afrikarabia stated that the Secretary General of the DC has been threatened by the ANR, Congo’s national intelligence agency (Journalist 3 Dec. 2013). He added that it is a [translation] « true reality » that DC officials have « some problems » with the ANR, who « intimidates » them, and stated that the leaders who have had « some problems » have « very often » been released afterwards (ibid. 4 Dec. 2013). In correspondence sent to the Research Directorate, the journalist described the arrests as [translation] « violent » and the detention conditions as « extremely harsh » (ibid. 3 Dec. 2013). He also notes that all the other opposition parties are [translation] « subjected to repression and […] intimidation, » especially the UDPS members (ibid. 3 Dec. 2013). Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.
3. The Arrest and Treatment of Eugène Diomi Ndongala in 2013
Eugène Diomi Ndongala disappeared on 27 June 2012 (US 19 Apr. 2013, 3; Jeune Afrique 27 June 2013; Le Phare 16 July 2013). According to Jeune Afrique, Mr. Diomi Ndongala was going to a [translation] « political event » for the launch of the MPP when he disappeared (27 June 2013). The night of his disappearance, the police went to the DC headquarters (IPU 24 Oct. 2012; Le Phare 16 July 2013).
Mr. Diomi Ndongala reappeared on 10 October 2012 (US 19 Apr. 2013, 3). He stated that the Congolese National Police [Police nationale congolaise, PNC] had detained him for the entire time (ibid.; AFP 24 July 2013; Human Rights Watch 29 Aug. 2013). The Interparliamentary Union (IPU) stated that, upon his return in October 2012, Mr. Diomi Ndongala needed emergency medical care (18 June 2013).
According to sources, Mr. Diomi Ndongala’s parliamentary immunity was lifted in early January 2013 (Human Rights Watch 29 Aug. 2013; Jeune Afrique 27 June 2013) to [translation] « let justice to do its job » (ibid.). An arrest warrant was issued against Mr. Diomi Ndongala on 18 January 2013 (Human Rights Watch 29 Aug. 2013). Mr. Diomi Ndongala was accused of raping two underage girls (US 19 Apr. 2013; RFI 27 Aug. 2013). Mr. Diomi Ndongala’s lawyer told Human Rights Watch that the authorities had pressured his client to accept a deal in which the charges would be dropped if he agreed to take his seat in parliament, but that Mr. Diomi Ndongala refused that arrangement (Human Rights Watch 29 Aug. 2013). He was arrested on 8 April 2013 and imprisoned (Le Phare 16 July 2013; Human Rights Watch 29 Aug. 2013) at Kinshasa’s central prison (ibid.). He was imprisoned despite Supreme Court orders to hold him under house arrest (ibid.; RFI 27 Aug. 2013). On 15 June 2013, his mandate as a member of parliament was invalidated because of his absence, which was prolonged (IPU 18 June 2013; Jeune Afrique 27 June 2013; Human Rights Watch 29 Aug.2013) and unjustifiable (IPU 18 June 2013; Jeune Afrique 27 June 2013).
On 15 July 2013, Mr. Diomi Ndongala’s wife stated that her husband had not been given the right to be cared for when his health was deteriorating (Le Phare 16 July 2013). Mr. Diomi Ndongala suffered from [Human Rights Watch English version] « health problems » and had « lost partial functioning of his arm » (Human Rights Watch 29 Aug. 2013). Mr. Diomi Ndongala’s lawyer also stated that [Human Rights Watch English version] « the prison hospital center was unable to provide the necessary treatment » (ibid.). The prison director where Mr. DiomiNdongala was detained explained that he had not allowed him to seek treatment in a hospital outside of the prison [Human Rights Watch English version] « because of concerns that Diomi would use the time in a hospital…for political activities » (ibid.).
Voice of the Voiceless for the Defence of Human Rights (Voix des sans-voix pour les droits de l’homme, VSV), a human rights NGO created in 1983 whose headquarters are located in Kinshasa-Ngaliema (VSV n.d.), expressed its fear for Diomi Ndongala’s life, given the [translation] « unprecedented deterioration of his health » following the [translation] « deprivation of medical care by the Congolese authorities » (AFP 24 July 2013).
Mr. Diomi Ndongala’s trial was postponed several times (Human Rights Watch 29 Aug. 2013; RFI 27 Aug. 2013). In October 2013, the trial was postponed to February 2014 (Radio Okapi 29 Oct. 2013; RFI 29 Oct. 2013).
4. Treatment of the DC Party Members by the Other Parties
Information on the treatment of the DC party members by the other parties could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Afrikarabia. 20 January 2013. Christophe Rigaud. « RDC : ‘Deux opposants enlevés’ selon la Démocratie Chrétienne. » [Accessed 6 Dec. 2013]
_____. N.d. « Christophe Rigaud. » [Accessed 6 Dec. 2013]
Agence France-Presse (AFP). 24 July 2013. « RDC : une ONG dit craindre pour la vie d’un opposant emprisonné. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
Country of Origin Research and Information (CORI). April 2013. « CORI Country Report Democratic Republic of Congo; Human Rights Issues, April 2013. » [Accessed 20 Nov. 2013]
Courrier international. N.d. « Qui sommes-nous? » [Accessed 12 Dec. 2013]
Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). 1 February 2012. Commission électorale nationale indépendante (CENI). « Élection des députés nationaux de 2011. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
Démocratie chrétienne (DC). 4 February 2012. Marc Mawete. « Flash : arrestation de Maitre Yala Tutu, cadre de la Démocratie chrétienne. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
_____. N.d. « S’engager pour construire le futur de la RDC. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
Human Rights Watch. 29 August 2013. « RD Congo : Un parlementaire est condamné à trois ans de prison pour son franc-parler. » [Accessed 20 Nov. 2013]
Independent consultant. 7 December 2013. Correspondence sent to the Research Directorate.
International Crisis Group. 5 May 2011. Congo: Le dilemme électoral. Rapport Afrique n°175. [Accessed 20 Nov. 2013]
Interparliamentary Union (IPU). 18 June 2013. « IPU Deeply Disturbed by Democratic Republic of the Congo Decision to Invalidate Opposition MP Diomi Ndongala. » [Accessed 20 Nov. 2013]
_____. 24 October 2012. « M. Eugène Diomi Ndongala, de la République démocratique du Congo. Résolutions sur les droits de l’homme des parlementaires. Résultats de la 127ème Assemblée de l’UIP et réunions connexes. » [Accessed 20 Nov. 2013]
Jeune Afrique. 20 November 2013. « Freddy Kita : ‘Nous attendons la libération de vrais prisonniers politiques’ en RDC. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
_____. 27 June 2013. Trésor Kibangula. « RDC : Diomi Ndongala, une année en enfer. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
_____. 12 April 2013. « RDC : l’opposition accusée de complot contre Kabila. » [Accessed 11 Dec. 2013]
_____.10 April 2013. Trésor Kibangula. « RDC : l’opposant Diomi Ndongala détenu à la prison de Makala. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
_____. 12 March 2012. Trésor Kibangula. « RDC : l’UDPS au bord de la crise de nerfs. » [Accessed 11 Dec. 2013]
Journalist from Afrikarabia. 5 December 2013. Correspondence sent to the Research Directorate.
_____. 4 December 2013. Telephone interview with the Research Directorate.
_____. 3 December 2013. Correspondence sent to the Research Directorate.
Verlinden, Peter. 4 December 2013. Telephone interview with the Research Directorate.
_____. N.d. « Bio. » [Accessed 10 Dec. 2013]
Le Phare [Kinshasa].16 July 2013. « L’épouse de Diomi lance un cri d’alarme pour son mari. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
Political Handbook of the World 2013 (PHW). 2013. « Democratic Republic of the Congo. » p. 311-325. Edited by Thomas Lansford. Washington, DC: CQ Press. [Accessed 10 Dec. 2013]
Radio France internationale (RFI). 29 October 2013. « RDC: nouveau report du procès de l’opposant Eugène Diomi Ndongala. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
_____. 17 September 2013. « En RDC, le procès de l’opposant Eugène Diomi reprend…puis s’interrompt. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
_____. 27 August 2013. « RDC: troisième report du procès de l’opposant Eugène Diomi Ndongala. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
Radio Okapi. 29 October 2013. « Kinshasa : L’affaire Diomi Ndongala renvoyée à février 2014. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
La Tempête des tropiques [Kinshasa]. 30 October 2013. « Diomi victime de la procédure judiciaire à la Cour Suprême. » [Accessed 21 Nov. 2013]
United States (US). 19 April 2013. Department of State. « Democratic Republic of the Congo. » Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012. [Accessed 20 Nov. 2013]
La Voix des sans-voix pour les droits de l’homme (VSV). N.d. « Présentation de l’organisme. » [Accessed 16 Dec. 2013]
From his jail cell where he is being held on false charges of plotting to kill President Kabila and his prime minister, Eugene Diomi Ndongala, an opposition leader who has been tirelessly fighting for democracy in Congo, writes a letter to his beloved wife Patrizia Diomi. His letter resonates with sound wisdom and advice for the Congolese and their country as they fight for Democracy in a country …torn by war and the dictatorship of Kabila’s regime. This letter depicts the rich historic heritage of the Congolese and the fighting spirit of their forefathers and freedom fighters, the resilience of the people despite the numerous plagues they have had to endure throughout history. Eugene exhorts all of us to stand up for what is right, despite the odds. This is a call to action to us all:
« Dear Patrizia,
I do not need to remind you why I fight and why I am facing so much opposition. For years we faced many forms of intimidation, physical and moral violence. It is unnecessary to dwell on the details of their plots: They want to break our will to stand and speak on behalf of our proud and oppressed people. I wish that people could find in our collective conscience the strength of Kimpa Vita, Kimbangu’s strong belief in the dignity of free men; the courage of Lumumba and his fellow freedom fighter Gaston Diomi Ndongala, and again closer to us, the courage of Armand Tungulu and my friend Chebeya’s deep love for Congo.
They can imprison us, as they did with Tshisekedi, but the spark of dignity in us will never be extinguished.No other people in this world have endured suffering as much as Congolese have in recent history: Their natural resources are not their own anymore, millions of Congolese are forced into exile to escape the war, dictatorship, persecution and hunger. Everything is corrupt and what remains of the Congolese state collapses under the weight of betrayal, incompetence and the oppression of citizens. Our last bastion was our fertile land, of an unparalleled beauty in the world, land that has given birth to a dignified, strong and generous people. Now they want us out of our land, a land nurtured for years, with the remains of our mothers, fathers and children they massacred by the millions….
I’m with the other political prisoners that you know: Kuthino, Mokia, Chalupa and together, we are convinced that each defeat gets us closer to victory. Because they forget that the spirit of those who fought in the past animates us, they don’t know that this land so rich and wonderful that produced us, will never be taken away from the Congolese people, they do not know that despite the brutality they impose on Congolese depriving them of their welfare, culture, communication and freedom, we remain stronger because we carry with us the genes of Kimpa Vita, Kimbangu’s consciousness, Lumumba and Gaston Diomi’s spirit of Freedom, Armand Tungulu courage and the spirit of selflessness that led Chebeya to the supreme sacrifice.
They try to throw upon me the reflection of their own deprivation. They do not spare the means of trying to discredit me, they are not afraid of bringing embarrassment upon themselves by making ridiculous accusations against us, because they do not realize that what they are doing only succeeds in throwing discredit on what remains of the Congolese state. The people have become a mat upon which they clean their boots stained with blood and unload salvo from their Kalashnikovs daily. They conspire all day long to silence my voice, they want me to abandon the fight alongside EtienneTshisekedi; they want me to stop claiming the right of Congolese not only to make the gesture of « voting » for their leaders but also « electing » them indeed. We know that this is not the case today …
They tried to smear my name, to deprive me repeatedly of freedom and break me physically as they do everywhere with thousands of Congolese every day. I dare you to make my voice heard. They are not afraid of me as an individual, but instead they are afraid of this formidable spirit that animate the Congolese people, a spirit that they want to clear from our collective memory. I’m standing here because, as Gandhi said, « A man standing is more frightening to the oppressor than a thousand men lying down. »
Take care of our children,
MANIFESTE D’UN COMBATTANT / UDPS MULTIMEDIA
DIOMI NDONGALA:MANIFESTE D’UN COMBATTANT DE DIOMI NDONGALA, 13/04/2013Chère Patrizia,Je n’ai pas besoin de te ra…
SIT- IN EN FACE OF US EMBASSY IN KINSHASA
LETTER TO MADAM NIKKI HALEY
COMITE DES FAMILLES DES PRISONNIERS POLITIQUES DE LA REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE DU CONGO, CFPP-RDC / COMMITTEE OF THE FAMILIES OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO-DRC CFPP
Kinshasa, 6 octobre 2017
N. Réf.: 02/cfpprdc/17
To Madam Nikki Haley,
Ambassador of the United States to the United Nations,
New York – USA
C.I. To Mr Rex Tillerson,
Secretary of State,
Subject: Message from the families of the DRC political prisoners in view of their release and request for a meeting with you during your visit in DRC
Dear Madam Ambassador,
We have the honor to come to your highest authority to inform you of the plight, unjust and painful situation that many political prisoners of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and their families have been going through for many years under the President Kabila regime and to request your support as you prepare to meet with the Congolese authorities, in particular President Kabila, during your visit to Kinshasa.
Indeed, despite numerous calls from the international community for easing
political tensions and implementating amnesty measures approved since 2013 on behalf of political prisoners, nothing is being done at this point in time to restore their freedom.
As for the political leaders of the opposition, the most serious case is that of the political prisoner Eugene Diomi Ndongala, who filed the complaint against the DRC government in 2013 with the UN Human Rights Committee which condemned and instructed the DRC, by décision/ Statement No. 2465/2014, to release him, to rescind his irregular conviction and to compensate him. Despite the fact that the government of DRC was notified of this decision in November 2016, almost a year after, Mr Eugene Diomi Ndongala is still hostage to the Kabila regime.
Other symbolic figures include Mr Muyambo and Mr Mulongo, who are being prosecuted on the basis of legal fantasies which cannot conceal political prosecutions often related to the exercise of free political expression enshrined in the Constitution of the DRC. We would like also to beg your attention for the case of Mr Firmin Yangambi and Mr Eric Kikunda, who benefited from amnesties since 2013 but who, for political reasons, continue to serve very long sentences.
It should be emphasized that all the most serious cases of political detention remained unresolved despite the New Year’s Eve Political Agreement, signed under the auspices of the Catholic Bishops of the DRC, and which provided for easing political tensions upon its signature. Indeed, Chapter 5 of this Agreement provides for the immediate release of the emblematic political prisoners (mainly Mr Eugene Diomi Ndongala and Mr Muyambo) and the establishment of an ad hoc committee within the Ministry of Justice for all other cases, a committee that has never worked to accomplish this task.
That is why, as a last resort, and on behalf of the political prisoners of the DRC, we request your intervention to use your influence to bring an end to the sufferings of these men and women who are often sick after years of physical and moral torture, and whose lives are threatened.
As a reminder, we are pleased to provide you a list of our family members who have experienced this situation of injustice and denial of human rights for years so that, Madam Ambassador, you can be our lawyer when meeting with these authorities who have largely remained deaf to calls from families, civil society and the international community. The detention of political leaders and that of opposition activists, because of their political opinions, constitute the most notable proof of the anti-democratic nature of the political system currently in power, without any electoral mandate, in the DRC.
This situation is further compounded by the fact that the unjust detention of political prisoners in the DRC continues during the implementation of the electoral process, although easing political tensions is a prerequisite, for both the political opponents and the civil society, for a free and transparent
electoral process in DRC.
Here is the list of our family members who are detained by the Kabila’s
– Mr Eugene Diomi Ndongala, President of the political party « Christian Democracy, D.C. » and founder of the recognized “Popular Majority Platform” (MPP), and who fought for the truth of the polls after the 2011 electoral hold up;
– Mr. Jean Claude Muyambo, Président of the Political party the SCODE,
– Mr. Huit Mulongo,
– Mr. Eric Kikunda,
– Mr Firmin Yangambi
and many others…
And last, but not least, it would be very significant for the families of the above named political prisoners that Madam Ambassador meet with a small delegation of them. This meeting will speak volume that the United States of America will stand with the people of DRC for freedom and Justice, as President Donald Trump has avowed, by sending you, on behalf of the USA, on this important visit to the DRC.
While we would be pleased to provide you with further information you may require and hoping to meet with you during your visit to the Democratic Republic of Congo, please accept, Madam Ambassador, the assurance of our highest consideration.
For the Families of Political Prisoners of the DRC,
The Commitee Coordination,